The impacts of climate change are already happening in many parts of the world. Floods in Europe and wildfires in western American states could be a preview of what we can expect from climate change. The world’s top climate scientists and experts are expected to release a landmark report prior to COP26, which will take place in Glasgow beginning November 1st, 2021. Severe weather conditions are prompting new focus on efforts to avoid catastrophes from wreaking havoc in especially vulnerable areas. Vulnerable areas, such as civilizations along coasts, in the tropics and cultures that rely heavily on domestic crop yields, have will have the hardest time recovering from worsening weather.

AR6 2021 landmark report with official UN logo

International Panel On Climate Change

The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations environment and climate organization, will conduct the landmark report. Once published, the report is expected to be the most comprehensive and up-to date analysis on the science of global warming since the IPCC’s 2013 report. This latest report outline large-scale climate action solutions to reduce emissions to limit global warming to about 2 degrees Celsius compared to that of preindustrial levels. Energy and agriculture sectors have to be the first to institute major changes, particularly in developed countries, such as the United States and China. Most experts agree on what short term and long term targets targets should look like for emission reductions. The Biden administration sets its most notable goal for the year 2050. By the year 2050, the Biden Plan aims to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions.

Research conducted by the IPCC confirms that if we can limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (compared to that of preindustrial levels), some of the worst catastrophes from climate change can still be avoided. However, the consequences of climate change can not be avoided entirely because of how much heat has already been trapped into Earth’s oceans. Allowing continued fossil fuel emissions will bring us closer to climatological tipping points. Tipping points are the estimated thresholds which have far-reaching, and in some cases, irreversible results once exceeded.

What to Expect From The Report

Over 190 states have approved the IPCC’s latest findings. The assessment is supposed to provide international leaders with a premium set of recommendations which are backed by empirical evidence. Therefore, the report will likely include a section for policy makers as well as a section that is a detailed analysis on the physical impacts of climate change.

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