Both vegan and vegetarian diets operate on the premise of reducing animal flesh consumption. However, there are distinct differences between the two lifestyles: the vegan diet, also known as the plant based diet, involves eating no animal products whatsoever. The plant based diet excludes dairy, eggs, honey, carmine, shellac, whey, albumin, casein and gelatin. (Gelatin often contains animal bones, ligaments and tendons). The vegetarian diet, on the other hand, merely abstain from eating animal flesh products and body parts, but allows for the consumption of dairy. Dairy products are made from or contain mammalian milk. Milk, yogurt, cheese and butter are classic examples of consumer goods that contain milk from agriculture mammals.

Its worth mentioning that there are at least three types of vegetarian categories. 1) Lacto-ovo vegetarians are characterized by the inclusion of eggs into their diets. 2) Lacto vegetarians refuse to ingest animal flesh foods and eggs; but they will eat dairy products. 3) Ovo vegetarians only eggs, and do not eat any other animal products.

Benefits of Vegan and Vegetarian Diets

Both eating regimens owe their demonstrable health advantages to the fact they they avoid processed fleshy foods from pigs, chickens, cows, lambs, goats, turkey, fish and other animals conventionally used on factory farms. In common industrial settings, flesh foods are treated with nitrites as preservatives and to give them enhance their tastes. Nitrate -which is converted to nitrite in human bodies – is known to stimulate certain forms of cancer, especially gastric cancer. Cancer causing chemicals and carcinogens also develop as meat is burned and cooked.

Though transitioning to a vegan or vegetarian diet does not necessitate eating more fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and legumes, these meal plans are regarded as healthier eating regimens simply because they do not contain processed meat products. Plant based diets can be used as an intervention to treat high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, obesity and ischemic heart disease. Assuming that they are mostly plant based, vegetarian and vegan diets have health benefits which may explain why they have been growing in popularity in recent decades. These lifestyles are also becoming more trendy because of their utility for weight loss, environmental sustainability and animal welfare concerns.

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